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09 October 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Mechanisms of Paeonia lactiflora in Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis: A Network Pharmacological Study

Yin Zhang1AEF, Xiaoyan Li2BCD, Xianlin Xu1DF, Ningxi Yang2ABEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917695

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7574-7580

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Paeonia lactiflora is the main active ingredient of peony decoction, which is used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Network pharmacology indicates the multiple interactions among genes, proteins, and metabolites associated with diseases and drugs from the network perspective, which shows the multi-component and multi-target attributes of TCM. This study predicted the pharmacological mechanism of Paeonia lactiflora in the treatment of UC by network pharmacological method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chemical constituents of Paeonia lactiflora were searched from TCMSP data, gene names of target sites were extracted from UniProt database, and disease targets of ulcerative colitis were obtained from the CTD disease database. Use Venny online tools to obtain common targets for drugs and diseases. The DAVID database was used to enrich GO and KEGG for the common target, and the related functions and pathways were obtained. Cytoscape 3.7.1 was used to construct the ‘drug-compound-target-disease’ network.

RESULTS: There are 70 common target genes between Paeonia lactiflora and UC. GO analysis showed that the biological functions of the common target genes of Paeonia lactiflora and UC include response to lipopolysaccharide, response to estradiol, response to drug, positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process, and steroid hormone-mediated signaling pathway. Enrichment of the KEGG signaling pathway mainly involves signaling pathways, including Pathways in cancer, TNF signaling pathway, Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, and Toxoplasmosis.

CONCLUSIONS: The network pharmacology intuitively shows the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel pharmacological effects of Paeonia lactiflora on UC, and provides a scientific basis for studying the mechanism of the effect of Paeonia lactiflora on UC.

Keywords: Colitis, Ulcerative, Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Pharmacologic Actions

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750