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20 August 2019 : Animal Research  

Carbon Monoxide Attenuates Lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Neonatal Rats via Downregulation of Cx43 to Reduce Necroptosis

Wanwei Li1BDE, Fang Wu2DF, Long Chen3C, Qian Li1BC, Juan Ma1BF, Mengchun Li1B, Yuan Shi13AE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917751

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6255-6263

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of major causes of death in newborns, making it urgent to improve therapy. Administration of low dose carbon monoxide (CO) plays a protective role in ALI but the mechanisms are not fully understood. This study was designed to test the therapeutic effect of monoxide-releasing molecule 3 (MORM3) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced neonatal ALI and the possibly associated molecular mechanisms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this study, 3- to 8-day old Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of 3 mg/kg LPS to induce ALI. Then animals received intraperitoneal injection of carbon monoxide-releasing molecules 3 (CORM3) (8 mg/kg) or inactive CORM3 (iCORM3) for 7 consecutive days. Lung tissues were collected for histological examination and total cell counts and protein content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured. Expression of Cx43 and necroptosis-related markers were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot.

RESULTS: LPS exposure induced significant lung injury indicated by histological damage, increased lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) and increased total cell counts and protein concentration in BALF. These changes were significantly ameliorated by administration of CORM3 but not iCORM3. LPS also increased necroptosis-related markers RIP1, RIP3, and MLKL and their elevation was blocked by CORM3. CORM3 administration ameliorated LPS induced elevation of Cx43 expression and adenoviral overexpression of Cx43 abolished lung protective effect of CORM3. CORM3 administration attenuated LPS induced activation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and its protection against necroptosis was abolished by ERK inhibitor U0126.

CONCLUSIONS: CORM3 attenuates LPS-Induced ALI in neonatal rats and its lung protective effect might be through downregulation of Cx43 to attenuate ERK signaling and ameliorate necroptosis, suggesting CORM3 as a potential therapeutic drug for ALI in neonates.

Keywords: acute lung injury, Carbon Monoxide, Animals, Newborn, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Connexin 43, Down-Regulation, Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases, Lipopolysaccharides, Lung, Necroptosis

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750