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27 November 2019 : Clinical Research  

Long Noncoding RNA loc285194 Expression in Human Papillomavirus-Positive and -Negative Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma, C33A, and SiHa Cells and Transforming Growth Factor-β1

Jian Wang1ACE, Yi Zhang2BCE, Ru Lin1BCEF, Baohong Mao1BD, Wendi Wang1BC, Yan Bai1BE, Wenhua He1C, Qing Liu1ABCE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917763

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9012-9018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) loc285194 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) biopsies that were positive and negative for human papillomavirus (HPV) and in human CSCC cell lines SiHa and C33A and to investigate the overexpression of lncRNA loc285194.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cervical biopsy tissue and plasma samples from 66 patients with histologically confirmed CSCC, that were HPV16-positive (N=22), HPV18-positive (N=27), and HPV-negative (N=17), and healthy controls (N=20) and human CSCC cell lines SiHa (HPV16-positive) and C33A (HPV-negative) were studied. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to measure the expression of lncRNA loc285194 in cervical biopsies and plasma. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot were used to measure levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). A lncRNA loc285194 expression vector was constructed and transfected into SiHa and C33A cells that underwent a transwell assay for cell migration.

RESULTS: Expression of lncRNA loc285194 was downregulated in HPV-positive and HPV-negative tissue samples and plasma from patients with CSCC and distinguished between patients and healthy controls. Plasma levels of loc285194 and TGF-β1 were significantly correlated with the presence of CSCC. In SiHa and C33A cells, TGF-β1 expression was downregulated, and cell migration was inhibited following lncRNA loc285194 overexpression. Although lncRNA loc285194 expression was not affected by TGF-β1 treatment, its effects on cell migration were reduced by TGF-β1.

CONCLUSIONS: The expression of lncRNA loc285194 inhibited the migration of CSCC cells in vitro through the inactivation of TGF-β1.

Keywords: Cerclage, Cervical, Human papillomavirus 16, RNA, Long Noncoding, Adult, Aged, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, China, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Middle Aged, Papillomaviridae, Papillomavirus Infections, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Transforming Growth Factors, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750