23 December 2019 : Clinical Research
Sex Differences in Intergenerational Transfer Risk of Major Depressive DisorderGuoxiang Fang1BE, Houyou Yu1CE, Shaomin Zhi1B, Min Xi2CF, Zhengwu Peng1F, Min Cai2EF, Wenjun Wu2DF, Ying Wang2DEG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9887-9892
BACKGROUND: The children of depressed parents are more likely to suffer from mental illness, particularly major depressive disorder (MDD). However, most data come from adolescent and young-adult populations, and published studies have reported inconsistent results regarding intergenerational transmission.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated hospitalized depressed patients with positive family history (FHP) from 1 Jan 2008 to 31 Dec 2017 and analyzed the differences in sex distribution in the intergenerational transfer risk of major depressive disorder.
RESULTS: We enrolled 528 patients with maternal or paternal positive FHP from a total of 4856 patients, and divided them into 4 groups: female patients with maternal FHP (FM: 220, 41.7%), female patients with paternal FHP (FP: 116, 22.0%), male patients with maternal FHP (MM: 96, 18.2%), and male patients with paternal FHP (MP: 96, 18.2%). In this study, 12.2% of hospitalized depressed patients had an FHP. The ratio of male: female patients with FHP was 2: 3. The ratio of male: female patients with maternal FHP was almost 1: 2. Analyses showed that the risk of depression in daughters was higher than in sons. Compared with children of depressed fathers, the children of depressed mothers were at higher risk of depression. Daughters and sons share an equal risk of depression with paternal FHP.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest a clear interaction of sex between patients and their depressed parents. Daughters of depressed mothers had the highest risk of suffering from depression compared with other offspring.
Keywords: Depressive Disorder, Major, Family Characteristics, Gender Identity, Adolescent, Depression, Fathers, Inheritance Patterns, maternal inheritance, Mental Disorders, Middle Aged, Mothers, Paternal Inheritance, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Sex Factors
01 May 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Twenty Years On from Sequencing the Human Genome, Personalized/Precision Oncology Prepares to Meet the Challenges of Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940911
31 May 2023 : Review articlePrevalence, Diagnosis, and Management of Eclampsia and the Need for Improved Maternal Care: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939919
30 May 2023 : Clinical ResearchA Case-Control Study of Cognitive Function in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease Before and After Hemodi...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940409
30 May 2023 : Review articleA Review of the Role of the Zebrafish (Danio reiro) in Preclinical and Clinical Models of Biomarker Identif...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940550
30 May 2023 : Database AnalysisThe COVID-19 Crisis and the Incidence of Alcohol-Related Deaths in Poland
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940904
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952