Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

13 August 2019 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Value of Lymphovascular Invasion in Patients with Stage III Colorectal Cancer: A Retrospective Study

Jin-Wei Zhong1ADE, Shou-Xing Yang1CD, Ren-Pin Chen2BF, Yu-Hui Zhou1BF, Meng-Si Ye1BF, Lei Miao1BF, Zhan-Xiong Xue1ADG, Guang-Rong Lu1AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918133

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6043-6050


BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis and tumor progression depend on lymphovascular invasion (LVI). This study aimed to investigate the prognostic role of LVI in patients with stage III colorectal cancer (CRC) and to develop a prognostic nomogram.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 437 patients with stage III CRC. The impact of LVI on overall survival (OS) was analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model. A nomogram was constructed, and its predictive accuracy was evaluated using the concordance index (C-index) and the calibration plot.

RESULTS: LVI was found in 19.7% of cases of stage III CRCs and was significantly correlated with high tumor grade (poor differentiation) and advanced tumor stage (all P<0.05). Patients age, a family history of cancer in a first-degree relative, pre-treatment levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), histological tumor grade, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, and LVI were independent prognostic indicators (all P<0.05). Compared with the LVI(–) group, patients in the LVI(+) group showed a 1.748-fold increased risk of death (P=0.004) and a significantly reduced OS rate (P<0.001). In the prognostic nomogram, the C-index was significantly increased with LVI compared with the TNM stage alone (0.742 vs. 0.593; P<0.001). Calibration plots showed good fitness of the nomogram for prediction of survival. Comparison of the nomograms with and without LVI showed that inclusion of LVI improved the C-index from 0.715 to 0.742.

CONCLUSIONS: LVI was an indicator of more aggressive biological behavior and poor prognosis in patients with stage III CRC.

Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, Lymphatic Vessels, nomograms, Risk Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, China, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Lymph Nodes, Lymphatic Metastasis, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Neoplasm Staging, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Survival Rate



12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365


16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Distribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Latency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847  

23 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750