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07 October 2019 : Laboratory Research  

C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ Inhibits Invasion and Migration of Human MNNG Osteosarcoma Cells via the PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway

Qianqian Qu1ABCDEF, Zhongshun He2BDE, Yulei Jiang1DE, Di Lu3AE, Xiaolin Long4BCD, Yu Ding1EF, Biao Xu1AFG*, Xiaoqiong He5ADF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918431

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7527-7537

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a highly aggressive, metastatic bone tumor with a poor prognosis, and occurs more commonly in children and adolescents. Therefore, new drugs and treatments are urgently needed. In this study, we investigated the effect and potential mechanisms of C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ on osteosarcoma cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human MNNG osteosarcoma cells were treated with different concentrations of C₁₈H₁₇NO₆. The proliferation of the MNNG cells was examined via CCK-8 assay. Cell migration and invasion were tested via wound-healing assay and Transwell migration and invasion assays. ELISA was used to detect MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF secretion. Finally, Western blotting and qRT-PCR were used to detect protein and mRNA expressions, respectively.

RESULTS: C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ inhibited MNNG proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner and inhibited MMP-2, MMP-9, and VEGF secretion. C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ treatment significantly downregulated N-cadherin and Vimentin expression levels and upregulated E-cadherin expression levels in vitro and in vivo. C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ inhibited tumor growth in a MNNG xenograft. We also found that C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ can significantly reduce the phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in vivo and in vitro. However, 740Y-P (a PI3K agonist) had the opposite effect on proliferation, migration and invasion of MNNG cells treated with C₁₈H₁₇NO₆. LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor) downregulated p-PI3K and p-AKT could mimic the inhibitory effect of C₁₈H₁₇NO₆.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ can inhibit human MNNG osteosarcoma cell invasion and migration via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway both in vivo and in vitro. C₁₈H₁₇NO₆ may be a highly effective and low-toxicity natural drug for the prevention or treatment of OS.

Keywords: Medicine, Chinese Traditional

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750