Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 December 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Alleviates Ropivacaine-Induced Neuronal Damage by Enhancing the Akt Signaling Pathway

Yongyi Zhai1AE, Yong Ma2AB, Jingying Liu3BC, Yulin Zhu4CD, Kun Xie5CD, Lingzhi Yu6BC, Hao Zhang2DE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918479

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:10154-10163

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the neurotrophic factors that modulate critical metabolic activities, including apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation modulation. Although numerous studies have focused on the damaging effects of BDNF on neurons, the underlying relationship between these effects remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of BDNF on neuronal injury induced by ropivacaine and assessed whether it is related to the Akt signaling pathway.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y cells were stimulated with ropivacaine at different concentrations to induce neuronal injury. MTT analysis, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, and Western blot were used to investigate the proliferation activity, apoptotic level, and expression of Akt, PCNA, Bax, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3, collectively demonstrating the underlying regulatory mechanisms.

RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the morphological damage and proliferation inhibition of SH-SY5Y cells induced by ropivacaine were dose-dependent and time-dependent, accompanied by a significant decrease in Akt expression. We treated cells with BDNF or SC79, which is a selective cell-permeable small molecule Akt activator. The results showed that, compared to the ropivacaine group, the morphological damage of neurons was alleviated; cell proliferation activity was enhanced; apoptotic rate was reduced; PCNA, Bcl-2, and phosphorylated Akt expression levels were increased; and Bax and caspase-3 gene and protein expression were decreased. We were able to reverse these effects by administering API-2, an Akt inhibitor.

CONCLUSIONS: BDNF can alleviate ropivacaine-induced neuronal injury by activating Akt signaling pathway, consequently modulating the proliferation and apoptosis of neurons.

Keywords: neuronal migration disorders, Oncogene Protein v-akt, Receptor, trkB, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Cell Shape, Neurons, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, RNA, Messenger, ropivacaine, bcl-2-Associated X Protein

Add Comment 0 Comments

1175 16

Editorial

01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312

0:00

In Press

04 Dec 2023 : Animal Research  

Effects of Intrathecal Ketamine on Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Mech...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Pain Relief and Muscle Growth in Individuals with Low Back Instability: The Impact of Blood Flow R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

0:00

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750