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06 February 2020 : Animal Research  

The Effects of RKI-1447 in a Mouse Model of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Induced by a High-Fat Diet and in HepG2 Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells Treated with Oleic Acid

Jinshan Wang1ABCDEF, Wentao Jiang1ABCDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919220

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919220

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of RKI-1447, a selective inhibitor of Rho-associated ROCK kinases, in a mouse model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced by a high-fat diet, and in oleic acid-treated HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four study groups of mice included: the control group; the high-fat diet (HFD) group; the HFD+RKI-1447 (2 mg/kg) group; and the HFD+RKI-1447 (8 mg/kg) group. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. Mice in the HFD+RKI-1447 groups were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks and treated with RKI-1447 twice weekly for three weeks. The HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells were treated with or without RKI-1447 for 2 h and treated with oleic acid for 24 h.

RESULTS: In the mouse model of NAFLD, RKI-1447 reduced insulin resistance and the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total cholesterol, triglyceride, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). RKI-1447 reduced the histological changes in the mouse model of NAFLD in mice fed a high-fat diet and significantly inhibited the generations of triglyceride, IL-6, and TNF-α. RKI-1447 reduced the levels of oxidative stress in HepG2 cells treated with oleic acid and significantly down-regulated the expression of RhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), p-TBK1, and p-IRF3. RKI-1447 treatment also inhibited RhoA expression.

CONCLUSIONS: In a mouse model of NAFLD, RKI-1447 inhibited ROCK and modulated insulin resistance, oxidative stress, and inflammation through the ROCK/TLR4/TBK1/IRF3 pathway.

Keywords: Diet, High-Fat, Liver Diseases, rho-Associated Kinases, Alanine Transaminase, Aspartate Aminotransferases, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Cholesterol, Glucose Tolerance Test, Hep G2 Cells, Insulin Resistance, Interleukin-6, Liver, Liver Neoplasms, Malondialdehyde, Mice, Inbred ICR, Models, Biological, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Oleic Acid, Thiazoles, Triglycerides, Urea, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750