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12 January 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Inhibition of Splicing Factor 3b Subunit 1 (SF3B1) Reduced Cell Proliferation, Induced Apoptosis and Resulted in Cell Cycle Arrest by Regulating Homeobox A10 (HOXA10) Splicing in AGS and MKN28 Human Gastric Cancer Cells

Yan Zhang1ABEG*, Zhen Yuan1BCD, Yannan Jiang1CDE, Renbin Shen1DEF, Menghui Gu1EFG, Wei Xu1DF, Xinhua Gu1ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919460

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919460

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) complexes of protein and noncoding RNA accumulate in the cell nucleus and catalyze pre-mRNA splicing to form the spliceosome. This study aimed to investigate the role of the spliceosome, splicing factor 3b subunit 1 (SF3B1), in AGS and MKN28 human gastric cancer cells in vitro, including gene knockdown with small interfering RNA (siRNA), and the use of the selective mRNA splicing inhibitor of SF3B1, pladienolide B.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In AGS and MKN28 human gastric cancer cells, SF3B1expression was inhibited with siRNA and pladienolide B. Following SF3B1 inhibition, the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay measured cell proliferation, and flow cytometry was used to investigate cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. The downstream HOXA10 and AKT pathways were studied by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. The presence of alternative splicing, or differential splicing, of single-gene coding for multiple proteins, was analyzed using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) SpliceSeq.

RESULTS: Inhibition of SF3B1 reduced the proliferation rate of AGS and MKN28 human gastric cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. SF3B1 knockdown resulted in reduced homeobox A10 (HOXA10) mRNA expression and expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) isoforms of HOXA10 (exons 1 and 3) and HOXA10 (exons 2 and 3). SF3B1 inhibition increased PTEN levels and reduced AKT protein phosphorylation.

CONCLUSIONS: In AGS and MKN28 human gastric cancer cells in vitro, inhibition of SF3B1 reduced cell proliferation, induced apoptosis, and resulted in cell cycle arrest by regulating HOXA10 splicing.

Keywords: Alternative Splicing, Genes, Homeobox, snRNP Core Proteins, Cell Cycle Checkpoints, Epoxy Compounds, Exons, Homeobox A10 Proteins, Macrolides, Phosphoproteins, RNA Splicing Factors, RNA, Messenger

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750