Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

13 November 2019 : Animal Research  

Gegen Qinlian Decoction Ameliorates Hepatic Insulin Resistance by Silent Information Regulator1 (SIRT1)-Dependent Deacetylation of Forkhead Box O1 (FOXO1)

Miao Sui12BDEF, Guofang Chen3CD, Xiaodong Mao3DF, Xiao Wei3CE, Yu Chen3BF, Chao Liu3AE*, Yaofu Fan3ACG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919498

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8544-8553


BACKGROUND: Gegen qinlian decoction (GGQLD) is a form of traditional Chinese medicine used for hundreds of years for its efficacy in treating diabetes. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of GGQLD on diabetes are still not clear. We aimed to evaluate the effect of GGQLD on hepatic insulin resistance (IR) through silent information regulator1 (SIRT1)/forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) in an IR mouse model.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A high-fat diet (HFD) mouse model was established and GGQLD was administrated by oral gavage. Metabolic parameters were detected, including body weights, triglyceride, fasting glucose, fasting insulin and HOMA-IR index, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance. HE-stained sections were used to observe the histopathology of liver tissue. For in vitro study, GGQLD-medicated serum was used to treat palmitic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells. The glycogen synthesis and downstream SIRT1/FOXO1 signaling pathways were examined. Specific siRNAs were used to knock down SIRT1 in HepG2 cells.

RESULTS: GGQLD administration significantly decreased body weights, triglyceride level, fasting glucose level, fasting insulin level, and HOMA-IR index, and improved IR in HFD mice. GGQLD enhanced SIRT1 expression and suppressed the expression of Ac-FOXO1 in liver tissues. Further, GGQLD-medicated serum promoted SIRT1 upregulation and suppressed Ac-FOXO1 levels in palmitate-stimulated HepG2 cells. GGQLD-medicated serum also increased the protein expression of PPARĪ³ and reduced the expression of FABP4 in palmitate-stimulated HepG2 cells.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that GGQLD alleviates insulin resistance through SIRT1-dependent deacetylation of FOXO1.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Forkhead Transcription Factors, Hep G2 Cells, Insulin Resistance, Sirtuin 1, Diet, High-Fat, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Forkhead Box Protein O1, Glucose, Insulin, Liver, Palmitic Acid

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911


In Press

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Review of the Evaluation of Pulmonary Hypoplasia as an Important Determinant of Clinical Outcomes in Infant...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943259  


19 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Accuracy of Ileocolic Artery and Vein Diameter for Acute Appendicitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943846  

23 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Early Mobilization in Pediatric Critical Care: Exploring the Gap Between Theory and Practice in Saudi Arabia

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942467  

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Enhancing Patient Adherence to Newly-Prescribed Medicine for Chronic Diseases: A Comprehensive Review and C...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942923  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750