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22 January 2020 : Animal Research  

Trop2 Promotes Multidrug Resistance by Regulating Notch1 Signaling Pathway in Gastric Cancer Cells

Xingwang Kuai1BCD, Lizhou Jia2B, Tingting Yang34C, Xiaochen Huang34B, Wei Zhao5A, Mingjiong Zhang6C, Yuan Chen7E, Jin Zhu48A, Zhenqing Feng34A, Qi Tang34AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919566

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919566

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is widely used in gastric cancer treatment, but multidrug resistance remains a leading cause of chemotherapy failure. Trop2 is highly expressed in gastric tumor tissues and greatly influences cancer progression. However, little is known about the relationship between Trop2 and drug resistance in gastric cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present study, Trop2 was knocked down in BGC823 cells and overexpressed in HGC27. CCK-8 assay was performed to explore the relationship of Trop2 expression and cell proliferation treated with anticancer drugs. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the relationship between Trop2 and cell apoptosis after chemotherapy. Subcutaneous xenograft models were generated to explore the curative effect of DDP to GC in vivo. MRP1 and Notch1 expressions were assessed by Western blot.

RESULTS: Trop2 decreased cell proliferation inhibition and apoptosis after chemotherapeutic treatments. DDP showed stronger therapeutic effects on Trop2-knockdown tumor than control in vivo. MRP1 and Notch1 signaling pathway were confirmed to participate in Trop2-induced drug resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that Trop2 promotes the resistance of gastric cancer to chemotherapy by activating the Notch1 pathway.

Keywords: Drug Resistance, Receptor, Notch1, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Cisplatin, Drug Resistance, Multiple, Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins, RNA, Small Interfering

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750