Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

29 December 2019 : Laboratory Research  

MicroRNA-106a-3p Induces Apatinib Resistance and Activates Janus-Activated Kinase 2 (JAK2)/Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) by Targeting the SOCS System in Gastric Cancer

Wei Guo1ABCD, Wenyuan Li2BC, Li Yuan2BC, Xianghuang Mei2DEF, Wenqing Hu1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919610

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:10122-10128


BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miR)-106a was involved in the tumorigenesis and highly expressed in gastric cancer. Required apatinib resistance greatly limits its efficacy in patients. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of miR-106a-3p in gastric cancer cells with apatinib-resistance.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of miR-106a-3p was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was performed to analyze the sensitivity of gastric cancer cells to apatinib. The expression of relevant drug-resistant proteins was detected by western blot. We searched Targetscan6.2 to find out the target gene of miR-106a-3p. Luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze whether miR-106a-3p bound to relevant gene of SOCS family. The SOCS2, SOCS4, and SOCS5 were qualified by western blot, and their mRNA levels were detected by RT-qPCR. Further, JAK2, STAT3, and their phosphorylation levels were detected by western blot.

RESULTS: The results showed that the expression of miR-106a-3p was increased in apatinib‑resistant gastric cancer, while miR-106a-3p inhibitor reduced the drug-resistance of SGC-7901-AP cells to apatinib. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay suggested that SOCS2, SOCS4, and SOCS5 were target genes of miR-106a-3p. The relevant SOCS genes silencing reversed the effects of miR-106a-3p inhibitor on decreasing the apatinib resistance of SGC-7901-AP cells, while the phosphorylation level of JAK and STAT reduced by miR-106a-3p inhibitor were increased.

CONCLUSIONS: miR-106a-3p induces apatinib resistance and activates JAK2/STAT3 by targeting SOCS system in gastric cancer. miR-106a-3p/SOCS plays a potent role in gastric cancer cell resistance to apatinib.

Keywords: Drug Resistance, Janus Kinase 2, STAT3 Transcription Factor, Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins, Base Sequence, Drug Resistance, Neoplasm, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Phosphorylation

Add Comment 0 Comments

1067 7


01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209


In Press

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Root Canal Numbers and Configurations in 1080 Permanent Canine Teeth in 270 Saudi Subjects Using Cone-Beam ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940472  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Internal Orifice Alloy Closure: A New Procedure for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940873  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Needle Aspiration versus Surgical Excision for Symptomatic Synovial Cysts of the Hip: A Si...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940187  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Influence of Insulin Resistance on Diabetes Nephropathy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939482  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750