Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

05 February 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Necrostatin-1 Alleviates Bleomycin-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis and Extracellular Matrix Expression in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Fanghong Mou1BCDEF, Canglang Mou2AF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919739

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919739


BACKGROUND: Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is harmful for patients’ life and health. The effective treatment of IPF is lacking because of unclear pathogenesis. Necrostatin-1 has protective effects on lung injury and can suppress the fibrosis development. I this study we investigated whether necrostatin-1 could decrease the proliferation of pulmonary fibroblasts, pulmonary fibrosis and expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) in IPF.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPF mice model was conducted by intra-tracheal injection of bleomycin (BLM) (2 mg/kg) for C57BL/6N mice. Necrostatin-1 treatment was performed with 1 mg/kg necrostatin-1 by an intravenous injection for C57BL/6N mice. Lung tissue structures and collagen deposition were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining and Masson staining. IPF in vitro model was constructed by MRC-5 cells induced by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1). And, 20 μM necrostatin-1 was used to treat the TGF-β1 induced MRC-5 cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay detected the viability of MRC-5 cells. The expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase-1 and -3 (RIPK1 and RIPK3), α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen IV, collagen I, fibronectin (FN), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in lung tissues and MRC-5 cells was measured by western blot analysis. The α-SMA expression in lung tissues was also analyzed by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: The expression of RIPK1 and RIPK3 in lung tissues of BLM induced mice was increased. The degree of pulmonary fibrosis and expression of α-SMA, collagen IV, collagen I, FN, and TGF-β in lung tissues of BLM induced mice was enhanced. The proliferation of MRC-5 cells was increased when MRC-5 cells were induced by TGF-β. The expression of RIPK1, RIPK3, α-SMA, collagen IV, collagen I, and FN was increased in TGF-β induced MRC-5 cells. And, necrostatin-1 could effectively reverse the changes of pulmonary fibrosis, RIPK1, RIPK3, and ECM in vivo and in vitro experiments.

CONCLUSIONS: Necrostatin-1 attenuated pulmonary fibrosis in lung tissues of BLM induced mice and inhibited the fibroblast proliferation. And, necrostatin-1 also decreased the expression of RIPK1, RIPK3, and ECM in lung tissues of BLM induced mice and TGF-β induced fibroblasts. Necrostatin-1 could be a new effective drug for the treatment of IPF.

Keywords: Bleomycin, Extracellular Matrix, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Cell Line, Collagen, Fibroblasts, Indoles, Lung, Lung Diseases, Interstitial, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Transforming Growth Factor beta1



01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580


19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

03 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865  

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750