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15 October 2019 : Special report  

A Network Pharmacology Approach to Explore the Mechanisms of Qishen Granules in Heart Failure

Junjie Liu1ACDE, Yuan Li1BCD, Yili Zhang2ACE, Mengqi Huo3CE, Xiaoli Sun2B, Zixuan Xu4B, Nannan Tan2B, Kangjia Du2D, Yong Wang5G, Jian Zhang5A*, Wei Wang2AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919768

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7735-7745

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the intrinsic mechanisms of Qishen granules (QSG) in the treatment of HF, and to provide new evidence and insights for its clinical application. Information on QSG ingredients was collected from Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology (TCMSP), [email protected], TCMID, and Batman, and input into SwissTargetPrediction to identify the compound targets. HF-related targets were detected from Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), Disgenet-Gene, Drugbank database, and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. The overlap targets of QSG and HF were identified for pathway enrichment analysis by utilizing the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of QSG-HF was constructed, following by the generation of core targets, construction of core modules, and KEGG analysis of the core functional modules. There were 1909 potential targets predicted from the 243 bioactive compounds in QSG which shared 129 common targets with HF-related targets. KEGG pathway analysis of common targets indicated that QSG could regulated 23 representative pathways. In the QSG-HF PPI network analysis, 10 key targets were identified, including EDN1, AGT, CREB1, ACE, CXCR4, ADRBK1, AGTR1, BDKRB1, ADRB2, and F2. Further cluster and enrichment analysis suggested that neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion, vascular smooth muscle contraction, and the renin-angiotensin system might be core pathways of QSG for HF. Our study elucidated the possible mechanisms of QSG from a systemic and holistic perspective. The key targets and pathways will provide new insights for further research on the pharmacological mechanism of QSG.

Keywords: Heart Failure, Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Pharmacologic Actions, China, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Protein Interaction Maps

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750