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06 February 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Knockdown of Long Noncoding RNA (lncRNA) AK094457 Relieved Angiotensin II Induced Vascular Endothelial Cell Injury

JiaYi Xu1BCD, Yingjie Sun2EF, Jie Lu1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919854

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919854

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypertension could induce many serious diseases, including damage to vascular endothelial cells. As a non-coding RNA, long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has received much attention in scientific research and has a regulating efficacy on many critical life activities in human body. The level of lncRNA AK094457 is thought to be elevated in hypertensive rats. However, there is no research indicating the relationship between the level of lncRNA AK094457 and vascular endothelial injury.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, we used lentiviral to knockdown lncRNA AK094457, and the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated by the Ang II to imitate the vascular endothelial cell damage caused by hypertension. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assays were used to detect the cells viability. Western blotting was performed to detect the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), p-eNOS and endothelin-1 (ET-1). After that the production of the NO was monitored. At last, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis rates were detected in this study.

RESULTS: According to the results, we found that knockdown lncRNA AK094457 could alleviate the decrease of vascular endothelial cell viability induced by angiotensin II (Ang II). The knockdown of lncRNA AK094457 also relieved the downregulation of eNOS and p-eNOS, and the decreasing of NO release. At the same time, the knockdown of lncRNA inhibited the levels of Ang II-induced proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-1, and IL-6) and cell adhesion molecules (vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 [VCAM-1], intercellular adhesion molecule 1 [ICAM-1], and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1]). The levels of ROS and apoptosis rates also decreased after the knockdown of lncRNA AK094457.

CONCLUSIONS: All these results indicated that lncRNA AK094457 could promote Ang II-induced vascular endothelial cell injury. On the contrary, knockdown of lncRNA AK094457 could alleviate this damage.

Keywords: Hypertension, RNA, Long Noncoding, Vascular System Injuries, adenylate kinase, Angiotensin II, Apoptosis, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Cell Survival, Endothelium, Vascular, Gene Knockdown Techniques, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells, Inflammation Mediators, NADPH Oxidase 2, Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III, Phosphorylation, Reactive Oxygen Species, Up-Regulation

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750