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23 December 2019 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Plateletcrit and Platelet Distribution Width in Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Retrospective Chart Review Study

Alihan Oral1ABCDEFG*, Tolga Sahin2ABDEF, Fatih Turker1ABDFG, Erdem Kocak2ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920172

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9882-9886

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Platelets are considered to be essential in proinflammatory environments, including atherosclerosis. The degree of platelet activation has been demonstrated to be correlated with plateletcrit and platelet distribution width. The main purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between plateletcrit (PCT), platelet distribution, and the degree of hepatic steatosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 225 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients and 142 control subjects without NAFLD. NAFLD patients were separated into 2 groups according to percentage of steatosis. Demographic and clinical data were collected retrospectively.

RESULTS: PCT level was significantly higher in NAFLD group I and group II than in the control group. PCT was higher in the NAFLD groups than in the control group. However, there was no difference according to PCT and PDW levels between NAFLD groups.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a relationship was found between PCT and hepatosteatosis, but no relationship was found with PDW. PCT might be a useful biomarker for early detection of steatohepatitis in patients with nan-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Keywords: Liver Diseases, Platelet Activation, Platelet Count, Blood Platelets, Case-Control Studies, Fatty Liver, mean platelet volume, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, ROC Curve

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750