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21 November 2019 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Venous Thromboembolism in Patients Who Underwent Gynecological Surgery and Validation of a Fast-Rating Assessment Table

Ting Yang1ABCEG, Sijuan Tian1BC, Yaohui Wang1EF, Juan Zhao1BD, Meili Pei1BD, Minyi Zhao1BD, Li Wang1BD, Yanping Guo1BD, Xiaofeng Yang1AEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920198

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8814-8819

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in gynecological patients and verify the validity of a fast-rating assessment table.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From October 2015 to October 2017, 53 patients complicated with VTE after gynecological operations were analyzed, and a total of 106 patients with 2 adjacent operations were selected as the control group. Factors such as age, body mass index (BMI), and tumor type were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. A fast-rating assessment table of VTE risk factors was constructed. This fast-rating assessment table and the Caprini score table were used to compare the scores of all patients.

RESULTS: In the univariate analysis, there were significant differences in BMI, tumor type, operation duration, blood loss, blood transfusion, bed rest time, and thrombus-related history between the 2 groups. In the multiple factor analysis, age >60 years old, BMI >28 kg/m², malignant tumors, operation duration ≥3 hours, laparoscopic surgery and thrombus-related history were independent risk factors for VTE in patients. Both the fast-rating assessment table and the Caprini score table identified 90% of VTE patients as high-risk and very high-risk, and there was no significant difference between the tables.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with older age, high BMI, malignant tumors, longer operation duration, laparoscopic surgery, or history of thrombosis may be more prone to VTE after gynecologic surgery. The fast-rating assessment table is easy to operate and has a high recognition level for VTE. It can be applied widely.

Keywords: Gynecologic Surgical Procedures, Risk Factors, venous thromboembolism, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, China, Laparoscopy, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Pulmonary Embolism, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750