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07 February 2020 : Clinical Research  

Relationship Between Epicardial Adipose Tissue and Body Composition as Determined by Multi-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Patients with Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease

Zülfükar Yilmaz1ACEF*, Hasan İnce2BF, Emre Aydin1BDF, Yasar Yildirim1EF, Fatma Yilmaz Aydin3AB, Enver Yüksel4CF, Aziz Karabulut5ABC, Lezgin Dursun5B, Ali Kemal Kadiroğlu1AE, Mehmet Emin Yilmaz1AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920233

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920233


BACKGROUND: The main cause of mortality among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is considered to be novel cardiovascular risk factor. We assessed EAT in non-dialyzed stage 5 CKD patients and explored the association of EAT with body composition as determined by multi-frequency BIA.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present included 70 stage 5 CKD patients who had not undergone dialysis and 40 healthy control subjects. EAT thickness was assessed by echocardiography. Hydration status and body composition were evaluated by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis.

RESULTS: Stage 5 CKD patients had significantly higher EAT thickness than healthy subjects (6.56±1.18 vs. 4.05±1.45, p<0.001). Fat tissue mass, systolic blood pressure (SBP), age, fat tissue index, and body mass index were positively correlated with EAT thickness in the CKD patient group (p<0.05). Lean tissue mass, lean tissue index (LTI), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were negatively correlated with EAT thickness in the CKD patient group (p<0.05). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that age, SBP, and LTI were independently associated with EAT thickness in CKD patients.

CONCLUSIONS: We found significantly higher EAT thickness in stage 5 CKD patients who were not on dialysis compared to healthy controls. EAT was significantly associated with age, SBP, and LTI in CKD patients. Interventions to reduce the risk factors associated with EAT thickness might protect against CVD disease in CKD patients.

Keywords: Adipose Tissue, Body Composition, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Case-Control Studies, Echocardiography, Electric Impedance, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Linear Models, Pericardium

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750