Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 February 2020 : Animal Research  

Asiaticoside Alleviates Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury via NOD2/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK)/Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) Signaling Pathway

Chunhui Zhang1ABCDEF, Suyan Chen2BCDF, Zhenxiang Zhang3BCG, Hui Xu3CDF*, Weihong Zhang4CFG, Dongqing Xu5CDF, Beilei Lin1BDF, Yongxia Mei2DF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920325

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920325


BACKGROUND: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) remains a serious health problem. Centella asiatica formulations are used to treat central nervous system disorders. In the present study, asiaticoside, an extract of the plant Centella asiatica, was investigated in CIRI in vivo and vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We made a CIRI model in vivo in SD rats treated by middle cerebral artery occlusion, and a cell model of ischemia-reperfusion injury was made in PC12 cells treated by deprivation of oxygen and glucose/restoration. CIRI in vivo was assessed by scores of neurological functions, encephaledema, and cerebral infarction area. Inflammation level and oxidative stress level were detected by the appropriate kits. TUNEL assay was performed for assessment of cell apoptosis and Western blot analysis was performed to assess protein expression levels. CCK8 assay was performed for evaluation of cell survival and flow cytometer was used to detect cell apoptosis in vitro.

RESULTS: Nervous function injury, brain edema, cell apoptosis, infarct size, apoptosis-related protein expressions, and protein expressions of the NOD2/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway in the CIRI model were all reversed by asiaticoside in rats. The cell apoptosis, inflammation level, and oxidative stress level in the model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury were reduced by asiaticoside. The effects of asiaticoside on CIRI were reversed by NOD 2 agonists.

CONCLUSIONS: Asiaticoside showed a protective effect against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via the NOD2/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway. These findings are vital for future research on use of asiaticoside in CIRI, providing a new avenue for alleviating CIRI.

Keywords: Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain, Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Stroke, Apoptosis, Brain Edema, brain infarction, Cell Survival, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein, Oxidative Stress, PC12 Cells, Phosphorylation, Reperfusion Injury, Triterpenes



01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532


16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

03 Oct 2022 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Orthodontic Mini-Implant Placement in the Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Region in 15 Patients b...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937949  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750