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11 March 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Silencing EPB41 Gene Expression Leads to Cell Cycle Arrest, Migration Inhibition, and Upregulation of Cell Surface Antigen in DC2.4 Cells

Qing Zhao1A, Yongqiang Li2A, Yanhong Li3B, Xinying Ji4C, Huimin Li5D, Dongdong Wu6E, Wenqiang Wei4F, Wang Xinchun7G*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920594

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920594

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Protein 4.1R (EPB41) is the main cytoskeleton component of the erythrocyte membrane and may be involved in cell migration and adhesion. Previous research discovered overexpression of 4.1R in the thymus of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The protein 4.1R on dendritic cells may play a pivotal role in MG pathogenesis. This research investigated the effects of small interfering RNA 4.1R-siRNA on cell migration, cell cycle, and surface antigen expression of DC2.4 mouse dendritic cells, thus providing a new direction for the study of MG pathogenesis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three 4.1R-specific siRNAs were designed, and the expression of 4.1R was detected by real-time PCR at the mRNA level and Western blot analysis at the protein level to select out the most efficient siRNAs. Changes in cell morphology were observed and cell migration ability was analyzed by Transwell assay. Cell cycle and surface antigen were both analyzed by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: The cell bodies of DC2.4 diminished, the synapses were increased, and protuberance became more obvious after being transfected with 4.1R-siRNA. After knockdown of 4.1R, cell migration ability decreased and the proportion of cells in S phase significantly increased (both P<0.05). The expression levels of MHCII, CD80, and CD86 were all increased in DC2.4 cells (all <0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Silencing the expression of 4.1R in dendritic cells resulted in inhibition of migration ability, cell cycle arrest, and increase in surface antigens, which suggest that 4.1R participates in MG autoimmunity.

Keywords: Cell Cycle, Myasthenia Gravis, Antigens, Surface, Cell Cycle Checkpoints, Microfilament Proteins, RNA Interference, RNA, Small Interfering, Thymus Gland, Up-Regulation

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750