24 March 2020 : Animal Research
Rhubarb and Astragalus Capsule Attenuates Renal Interstitial Fibrosis in Rats with Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction by Alleviating Apoptosis through Regulating Transforming Growth Factor beta1 (TGF-β1)/p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases (p38 MAPK) PathwayXian Zeng1E, Guozhen Cai1B, Taolin Liang1D, Qingqing Li1F, Yufang Yang1A*, Xiaobin Zhong2G, Xiaoqin Zou1C, Mengyuan Qin1B, Zhengcheng Mi1F
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920720
BACKGROUND: Rhubarb and astragalus capsule (RAC) has been used in the clinical treatment of chronic kidney disease for decades. However, the mechanism of RAC has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect and mechanisms of RAC on unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal interstitial fibrosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main components of RAC are detected by high-performance liquid phase (HPLC). A rat model of UUO was established, and a subset of rats underwent treatment with RAC. Renal function and renal pathology were examined at 14 days and 21 days after the UUO operation. Renal cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining. The levels of Bcl-2 and Bax in the kidney were examined by western blotting, and the levels of collagen I, α-SMA, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, and p38 MAPK in the kidneys were detected by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: High-performance liquid phase chromatography showed that RAC contained 1.12 mg/g aloe-emodin, 2.25 mg/g rhein, 1.75 mg/g emodin, and 4.50 mg/g chrysophanol. Administration of RAC significantly decreased the levels of urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine (Scr) and also reduced renal tissue damages and interstitial fibrosis induced by UUO in rats. Moreover, the increased levels of collagen I, α-SMA, TGF-β1, p38 MAPK, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, as well as cell apoptosis in the kidney, were induced by UUO, and were all found deceased by RAC treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: RAC can improve the renal interstitial fibrosis induced by UUO, and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of renal tubular cell apoptosis via TGF-β1/p38 MAPK pathway.
Keywords: Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Transforming Growth Factor beta1, Acetylglucosaminidase, Actins, Apoptosis, Astragalus Plant, Blood Urea Nitrogen, Capsules, Collagen Type I, Creatinine, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Fibrosis, Kidney, Kidney Diseases, Rheum, Ureteral Obstruction, bcl-2-Associated X Protein
01 December 2022 : EditorialEditorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088
29 November 2022 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647
07 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchA Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938665
01 December 2022 : EditorialEditorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Funga...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088
05 Dec 2022 : Database AnalysisImpact of the De Ritis Ratio on the Prognosis of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Pe...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937737
02 Dec 2022 : Clinical ResearchValue of Early Laparoscopic Exploration for Primary Infertile Patients with Patent Fallopian Tubes Complica...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938637
02 Dec 2022 : Clinical ResearchSingle-Center Study in Lithuania to Evaluate the Role of Transthoracic Impedance Cardiography in the Diagno...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938389
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996