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27 March 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Hydroxypyridinone-Coumarin Inhibits the Proliferation of MHCC97 and HepG2 Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells and Down-Regulates the Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Pathway

Xiaopeng Cui1ACDEF*, Xueliang Qin1BCD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920785

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920785

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant diseases and is the third leading cause of cancer-related death. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hydroxypyridinone-coumarin (HPC) on MHCC97 and HepG2 human HCC cells and the mechanisms involved.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MHCC97 and HepG2 human HCC cells were cultured in vitro. An MTT cytotoxicity assay was used to assess cell viability and proliferation, with and without treatment with HPC. Cell autophagosomes were labeled with GFP-LC3 using confocal fluorescence microscopy. Western blot was used to measure protein expression.

RESULTS: HPC significantly reduced the cell proliferation rate in a concentration-dependent manner, with 2 µM of HPC resulting in a reduced proliferation rate of MHCC97 cells (by 36%) and HepG2 cells (by 29%) (P<0.02). HPC significantly reduced autophagy in MHCC97 and HepG2 cells. Western blot showed that treatment with HPC significant upregulated Atg5, beclin-1, LC3-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugate (LC3-II), and Atg-3, reduced p62 and Akt protein expression, and induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2. GFP-LC3B labeling in MHCC97 and HepG2 cells was increased following HPC treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: HPC induced autophagy and inhibited the proliferation of MHCC97 and HepG2 HCC cells in vitro and involved activation of ERK1/2 and down-regulation of the Akt pathway.

Keywords: Proteostasis Deficiencies, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Coumarins, Down-Regulation, Hep G2 Cells, Liver Neoplasms, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Phosphorylation, Pyridones

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750