Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

09 March 2020 : Animal Research  

Protective effect of BMSCs-derived exosomes mediated by BDNF on TBI via miR-216a-5p

Huiyou Xu12ABCDE, Zhilong Jia1EG, Ke Ma12BCDF, Jian Zhang12BCDF, Chen Dai12BCD, Zitong Yao12BCD, Wusheng Deng12BCD, Jianzhong Su1EG, Renjie Wang1ABCDFG, Xuyi Chen1BCDG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920855

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920855


BACKGROUND: Transplantation of exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs-Exo) can improve the recovery of neurological function in rats after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We tested a new hypothesis that BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo could effectively promote functional recovery and neurogenesis of rats after TBI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: BMSCs of rats were extracted by whole bone marrow culture, BDNF was added to BMSCs for intervention, supernatant was collected, and exosomes were separated and purified by hypercentrifugation. Exosomes were identified by WB, TEM and particle size analysis and subsequently used in cell and animal experiments. We investigated the recovery of sensorimotor function and spatial learning ability, inflammation inhibition and neuron regeneration in rats after TBI.

RESULTS: Compared with group MSCs-Exo, group BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo showed better effects in promoting the recovery of sensorimotor function and spatial learning ability. BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo successfully inhibited inflammation and promoted neuronal regeneration in vivo and in vitro. We further analyzed miRNA in BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo and MSCs-Exo, and found that the expression of miR-216a-5p in BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo was significantly higher than that in MSCs-Exo by qRT-PCR. Rescue experiment indicated that miR-216a-5p has a similar function to BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we found that BDNF-mediated MSCs-Exo can better promote neurogenesis and inhibit apoptosis than MSCs-Exo in rats after TBI, and the mechanism may be related to the high expression of miR-216a-5p.

Keywords: Brain Injuries, mesenchymal stromal cells, MicroRNAs, Apoptosis, Brain, Brain Injuries, Traumatic, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Cell Movement, Culture Media, exosomes, Nerve Regeneration, neurogenesis, Neurons, primary cell culture



15 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Metabolic (Dysfunction) Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)-Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Debate: A Forced Consensus and The Risk of a World Divide

Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Ming-Hua Zheng, Takumi Kawaguchi, Shiv K. Sarin
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation and Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938080

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938080

In Press

12 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Pathogen Spectrum in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis: A S...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937112  

11 Aug 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Optimal Surgical Treatment Method for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Results from a Network Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937118  

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750