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27 January 2020 : Animal Research  

Bacterial Lactase Gene Characteristics in Intestinal Contents of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea Mice Treated with Debaryomyces hansenii

Yi Wu1BCE, Yuan Tang1DE, Nen-Qun Xiao1BCF, Chun-Hui Wang2AG*, Zhou-Jin Tan1AEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920879

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920879

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Debaryomyces hansenii exhibits a therapeutic effect on antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) by promoting the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria. Previous research has reported that AAD involves not only dysbacteriosis but also dysfunction of the activity of intestinal enzymes (such as lactase). Enzyme activities can be influenced by many other factors, such as gene expression. The present study showed that D. hansenii has a curative effect on AAD at the lactase gene level.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The effect of D. hansenii on the lactase gene from intestinal bacteria in AAD mice was investigated. The diarrhea model was established with a gentamycin sulfate and cefradine capsule mixture. The antibiotic mixture (23.33 mL·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹) was intragastrically administered for 5 days. Subsequently, half of the diarrhea mice were treated with D. hansenii twice a day for 3 days while the other mice were intragastrically administered with the same volume of distilled water. Next, the intestinal contents were collected, and metagenomic DNA was extracted for high-throughput sequencing analysis.

RESULTS: The Chao1 and Shannon indices decreased significantly following treatment with D. hansenii (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). Moreover, the clusters in the D. hansenii group mice were quite different from those in the normal group mice and model group mice. Following treatment with D. hansenii, the quantity of lactase genes in Enterobacter sp. 638 and Modestobacter increased markedly, and the richness of intestinal bacterial lactase genes in Fretibacterium recovered.

CONCLUSIONS: D. hansenii altered the lactase-producing bacterial community structure and promoted the growth of several critical lactase-producing bacteria, such as Enterobacter sp. 638 and Modestobacter.

Keywords: Gastrula, Testolactone, Tubercidin, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bacteria, Base Sequence, Biodiversity, diarrhea, Genes, Bacterial, Intestines, Lactase

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750