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06 April 2020 : Animal Research  

Osteoarthritis is Prevented in Rats by Verbascoside via Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) Pathway Downregulation

Hongbing Ma1BCDE, Shourong Qin2BCD, Shaoheng Zhao3ACDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921276

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921276

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cartilage degeneration during osteoarthritis (OA) most adversely affects the quality of life by hindering the movement. The present study investigated the role of verbascoside in the protection of cartilage degeneration induced by osteoarthritis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) and western blot assays were used for determination of inflammatory cytokine secretion in serum and cartilage tissues, respectively.

RESULTS: Treatment of the OA rats with verbascoside inhibited overproduction of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and IL-1β in serum as well as cartilage tissues. The expression of P2X7R and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 was much higher in the rats induced with OA. However, administration of verbascoside reversed the OA-induced upregulation of P2X7R and MMP-13 expression in the cartilage tissues. The OA-mediated increase in substance P (SP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) expression was also reduced in the cartilage tissues by the verbascoside treatment. Western blot assay revealed that verbascoside treatment markedly decreased the activation of IκBα and NF-κB p65 in the OA rats.

CONCLUSIONS: Thus, verbascoside inhibited inflammatory cytokine secretion in the OA rats by targeting P2X7R expression, production of matrix metalloproteinase, PGE2 and downregulation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, verbascoside may be used as potent agent for osteoarthritis treatment.

Keywords: Cytokines, Matrix Metalloproteinase 10, Osteoarthritis, Cartilage, Articular, Down-Regulation, Glucosides, Immunosuppressive Agents, Phenols, Purinergic P2X Receptor Antagonists, Quality of Life

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750