Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

10 March 2020 : Clinical Research  

Downregulated Long Non-Coding RNA MSC-AS1 Inhibits Osteosarcoma Progression and Increases Sensitivity to Cisplatin by Binding to MicroRNA-142

Longqiang Zhang1ACDF, Guangzong Zhao1ABDF, Shaolin Ji1CD, Qihua Yuan1DEF, Haiyan Zhou2F*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921594

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921594

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most prevalent malignant primary bone tumor, resulting from severe transformation of primitive mesenchymal cells, which induces osteogenesis. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MSC-AS1 triggers osteogenic differentiation by sponging microRNA (miR)-140-5p. The present study assessed the mechanism of lncRNA MSC-AS1 in OS biological features and sensitivity to cisplatin (DDP) by binding to miR-142.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Firstly, lncRNA MSC-AS1 expression in OS tissues and cells was analyzed. OS cells were transfected with silenced MSC-AS1 to determine its role in OS biological behaviors, and we also assessed the effect of MSC-AS1 on OS sensitivity to DDP. Then, website prediction and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay were utilized for verification of the binding site between MSC-AS1 and miR-142. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the effect of MSC-AS1 on expression of miR-142, cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), and the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Xenograft transplantation was also applied to confirm the in vitro experiments.

RESULTS: Overexpressed MSC-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis of OS patients. OS cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were reduced after silencing MSC-AS1, while cell apoptosis was enhanced. Moreover, silencing MSC-AS1 made OS cells more sensitive to DDP. Interestingly, MSC-AS1 knockdown induced miR-142 expression and reduced CDK6 levels, thereby decreasing the protein expression of p-PI3K/t-PI3K and p-AKT/t-AKT. Silencing MSC-AS1 repressed OS progression in vivo.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that silencing MSC-AS1 inhibited OS biological behaviors by enhancing miR-142 to decrease CDK6 and inactivating the PI3K/AKT axis. Our results may provide new insights for OS treatment.

Keywords: Cisplatin, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6, Osteosarcoma, Bone Neoplasms, Disease Progression, Down-Regulation, Follow-Up Studies, Osteotomy, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

07 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Clinical Trials: A Questionnaire-Based Study of 179 Male Third- and Fourt...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943468  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750