Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

18 May 2020 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic Value of Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Cardiogenic Shock: A Cohort Study

Yangpei Peng1ADE, Jie Wang2ABC, Huaqiang Xiang1BCF, Yingbei Weng1BD, Fangning Rong1FG, Yangjing Xue1AEG, Kangting Ji1ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.922167

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922167

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important part in the pathogenesis of cardiogenic shock (CGS). Whether the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an integrated biomarker of inflammation, is associated with the outcome of CGS patients remains unknown. This retrospective cohort study was performed to identify the utility of using NLR among patients with CGS.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the MIMIC database. We applied smooth curve fitting to define the NLR cutoff values. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Cox proportional hazards models, subgroup analysis, and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed.

RESULTS: A total of 1470 CGS patients were extracted, among which 801 (54.5%) were men. The mean age of the population was 70.37 years. An inverse U-shaped relationship was observed between NLR and mortality in CGS patients, with the highest risk being at values ranging from 9.4 to 15. For the primary outcome of 30-day mortality, the adjusted HR (95% CI) values of the middle tertile (NLR 9.4–15) and the upper tertile (NLR >15) were 1.47 (1.14, 1.88) and 1.22 (0.94, 1.57) compared with the reference of lower tertile (NLR <9.4). ROC curve analysis showed that NLR had a more sensitive prognostic value in predicting 30-day mortality of CGS than the neutrophil or lymphocyte percentage alone (0.660 vs. 0.540, 0.549).

CONCLUSIONS: An inverse U-shaped curve was presented between NLR and the mortality of CGS. NLR seemed to be a readily available and independent prognostic biomarker for patients with CGS. The prognostic value of NLR was more sensitive than the neutrophil or lymphocyte percentage alone, but not as good as SOFA or SAPSII score.

Keywords: Immunity, Lymphocytes, Neutrophils, Shock, Cardiogenic, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Databases, Factual, Leukocyte Count, Lymphocyte Count, Proportional Hazards Models, ROC Curve

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of Denture Use on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Yemeni Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944682  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Minimally Invasive versus Traditional Surgery: Efficacy of PELD and PLIF in Treating Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943176  

Clinical Research  

Frontal Plane Body Posture as a Predictor of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Amateur Athletes: A Comprehensive ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944810  

Clinical Research  

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Hepatic Arterial Chemotherapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in China...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944526  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,861,054

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,498

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,905

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,731

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750