Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

15 March 2020 : Animal Research  

Use of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) to Estimate Global and Regional Lung Recruitment Volume (VREC) Induced by Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP): An Experiment in Pigs with Lung Injury

Yu-Mei Wang1BE, Xiu-Mei Sun1C, Yi-Min Zhou1B, Jing-Ran Chen1B, Kun-Ming Cheng1B, Hong-Liang Li1F, Yan-Lin Yang1D, Linlin Zhang1DE, Jian-Xin Zhou1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.922609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922609


BACKGROUND: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a real-time tool used to monitor lung volume change at the bedside, which could be used to measure lung recruitment volume (VREC) for setting positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). We assessed and compared the agreement in VREC measurement with the EIT method versus the flow-derived method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 12 Bama pigs, lung injury was induced by tracheal instillation of hydrochloric acid and verified by an arterial partial pressure of oxygen to inspired oxygen fraction ratio below 200 mmHg. During the end-expiratory occlusion, an airway release maneuver was conduct at 5 and 15 cmH₂O of PEEP. VREC was measured by flow-integrated PEEP-induced lung volume change (flow-derived method) and end-expiratory lung impedance change (EIT-derived method). Linear regression and Bland-Altman analysis were used to test the correlation and agreement between these 2 measures.

RESULTS: Lung injury was successfully induced in all the animals. EIT-derived VREC was significantly correlated with flow-derived VREC (R²=0.650, p=0.002). The bias (the lower and upper limits of agreement) was –19 (–182 to 144) ml. The median (interquartile range) of EIT-derived VREC was 322 (218–469) ml, with 110 (59–142) ml and 194 (157–307) ml in dependent and nondependent lung regions, respectively. Global and regional respiratory system compliance increased significantly at high PEEP compared to those at low PEEP.

CONCLUSIONS: Close correlation and agreement were found between EIT-derived and flow-derived VREC measurements. The advantages of EIT-derived recruitability assessment included the avoidance of ventilation interruption and the ability to provide regional recruitment information.

Keywords: Electric Impedance, Positive-Pressure Respiration, Respiration, Artificial, Respiratory Mechanics, Feasibility Studies, Lung, Lung Injury, Monitoring, Physiologic, Swine, Swine, Miniature, Tidal Volume, Tomography



01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580


19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

03 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865  

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750