Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

12 March 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Thyroid Hormone Metabolite 3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) Alleviates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Cardiac Myocyte Apoptosis via Akt/FoxO1 Pathway

Haiyan Zhou1ABCDE, Bailong Hu2AC, Xingde Liu13ABEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923195

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923195


BACKGROUND: The thyroid hormone metabolite 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) is rapidly emerging as promising compound of decreasing heart rate and lowering cardiac output. The aim of our study was to fully understand the molecular mechanism of T1AM on cardiomyocytes and its potential targets in cardiovascular diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed an in vitro myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model of AC-16 cells by hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. Cell viability of AC-16 cells was detected using CCK-8 assay and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. RNA-seq was used to characterize the gene expression in H/R-induced AC-16 cells after T1AM treatment. The mRNA levels of FoxO1, PPARα, Akt, and GCK and the protein levels of PPARα, GCK, and components of the Akt/FoxO1 pathway were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively.

RESULTS: Exogenous T1AM increased the H/R-induced AC-16 cell viability in a relatively low concentration. A total of 210 DEGs, including 142 upregulated and 68 downregulated genes, were determined in H/R-induced AC-16 cells treated with or without T1AM. A Venn diagram showed 135 common DEGs. The FoxO signaling pathway was identified via KEGG enrichment analysis of these 135 DEGs. Moreover, T1AM mediated hypometabolism and reduced the apoptosis of H/R-induced AC-16 cells via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous T1AM protects against cell injury induced by H/R in AC-16 cells via regulation of the FoxO signaling pathway. Our results suggest that T1AM can play a preventive role in myocardial H/R injury and also provide new insight for clinical management of AMI patients.

Keywords: Cell Hypoxia, Cell Line, Forkhead Box Protein O1, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Thyronines

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


In Press

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Muscular Function Recovery from General Anesthesia in 132 Patients Undergoing Surgery with Acceleromyograph...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942780  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Thermal Insulation on Recovery and Comfort of Patients Undergoing Holmium Laser Lithotripsy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942836  

05 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Role of Critical Shoulder Angle in Degenerative Type Rotator Cuff Tears: A Turkish Cohort Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943703  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Outcomes between Single-Level and Double-Level Corpectomy in Thoracolumbar Reconstruction: A ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943797  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750