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07 April 2020 : Database Analysis  

Sex Differences in Osteoarthritis Pathogenesis: A Comprehensive Study Based on Bioinformatics

Yunfeng Yang1BE, Xiaomeng You2BE, Jordan Daniel Cohen2CE, Haichao Zhou1CD, Wenbao He1CD, Zihua Li1BD, Yuan Xiong3AG, Tao Yu1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923331

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923331


BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disorder in the elderly. OA influences the daily life of patients and has become a worldwide health problem. It is still unclear whether the pathogenesis mechanism is different between males and females. This study investigated the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and explored the different signaling pathways of OA between males and females.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sets of GSE55457, GSE55584, and GSE12021 were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus to conduct DEGs analysis. Enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway and Gene Ontology term was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) bioinformatics tool. The protein interaction network was constructed in Cytoscape 3.7.2. qRT-PCR was then performed to validate the expression of hub genes in OA patients and healthy people.

RESULTS: In total, 4 co-upregulated and 10 co-downregulated genes were identified. We found that enriched pathways were different between males and females. BCL2L1, EEF1A1, EEF2, HNRNPD, and PABPN1 were considered as hub genes in OA pathogenesis in males, while EEF2, EEF1A1, RPL37A, FN1 were considered as hub genes in OA pathogenesis in females. Consistent with the bioinformatics analysis, the qRT-PCR analysis also showed that the gene expression of BCL2L1, HNRNPD, and PABPN1 was significantly lower in male OA patients. In contrast, EEF2, EEF1A1, and RPL37A were significantly lower in female OA patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The DEGs identified may be involved in different OA disease progression mechanisms between males and females, and they are considered as treatment targets or prognosis markers for males and females. The pathogenesis mechanism is sex-dependent.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Orthopedics, Osteoarthritis, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Computational Biology, Databases, Genetic, Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2, Gene Expression Profiling, gene ontology, Gene Regulatory Networks, Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein D0, Middle Aged, Peptide Elongation Factor 1, Poly(A)-Binding Protein I, Protein Interaction Maps, Sex Characteristics, Software, transcriptome, bcl-X Protein



01 December 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939088

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088


29 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647  

24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

In Press

05 Dec 2022 : Database Analysis  

Impact of the De Ritis Ratio on the Prognosis of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Pe...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937737  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Value of Early Laparoscopic Exploration for Primary Infertile Patients with Patent Fallopian Tubes Complica...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938637  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Single-Center Study in Lithuania to Evaluate the Role of Transthoracic Impedance Cardiography in the Diagno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938389  

30 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Evaluation of Hematological and Clinical Factors Associated with 30-Day Mortality in 170 Pati...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938674  

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750