Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 May 2020 : Database Analysis  

Bioinformatics Analysis and Identification of Underlying Biomarkers Potentially Linking Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma

Zhanfeng Yan12ABCEFG, Lili Liu2BCF, Lulu Jiao2BCF, Xiaohui Wen1BCF, Jianhua Liu2BCF, Ningyu Wang1ABCDEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924934

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924934


BACKGROUND: Rhinitis is the most common clinical manifestation of allergy, affecting more than 400 million people around the world. Rhinitis increases the risk of developing bronchial hyper-responsiveness and asthma. Previous studies have shown that rhinitis is closely related with the physiology, pathology, and pathogenesis of asthma. We analyzed co-expressed genes to explore the relationships between rhinitis and asthma and to find biomarkers of comorbid rhinitis and asthma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Asthma- and rhinitis-related differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by bioinformatic analysis of GSE104468 and GSE46171 datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. After assessment of Gene Ontology (GO) terms and pathway enrichment for DEGs, a protein–protein interaction (PPI) network was conducted via comprehensive target prediction and network analyses. We also evaluated co-expressed DEGs and corresponding predicted miRNAs involved in the developing process of rhinitis and asthma.

RESULTS: We identified 687 and 1001 DEGs in bronchial and nasal epithelia samples of asthma patients, respectively. For patients with rhinitis, we found 245 DEGs. The hub-genes of PAX6, NMU, NTS, NMUR1, PMCH, and KRT6A may be associated with rhinitis, while CPA3, CTSG, POSTN, CLCA1, HDC, and MUC5B may be involved in asthma. The co-expressed DEGs of BPIFA1, CCL26, CPA3, and CST1, together with corresponding predicted miRNAs (e.g., miR-195-5p and miR-125a-3p) were found to be significantly correlated with rhinitis and asthma.

CONCLUSIONS: Rhinitis and asthma are related, and there are significant correlations of BPIFA1, CCL26, CPA3, and CST1 genes with novel biomarkers involved in the comorbidity of rhinitis and asthma.

Keywords: Asthma, Biological Markers, Genetic Association Studies, Rhinitis, Bronchi, Computational Biology, Databases, Genetic, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Profiling, gene ontology, Gene Regulatory Networks, Nasal Mucosa, Protein Interaction Maps, Rhinitis, Allergic



01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532


16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

03 Oct 2022 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Orthodontic Mini-Implant Placement in the Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Region in 15 Patients b...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937949  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750