Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

08 January 2024 : Clinical Research  

Associations Between Physical Fitness, Cognitive Function, and Depression in Nursing Homes Residents Between 60-100 Years of Age in South-Western Poland

Agnieszka Kaczorowska ORCID logo1ABCDEF, Antonina Kaczorowska ORCID logo2CDEF*, Joanna Kowalska ORCID logo1ACDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942729

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942729

Abstract

0:00

BACKGROUND: Healthy aging depends on physical fitness, cognitive function, and emotional well-being. Reduced physical activity in the elderly impacts daily activities, increasing morbidity risk. Cognitive decline affects learning, attention, and independence. Depression, prevalent among the elderly, correlates with loneliness and affects overall health. Physical fitness positively influences cognitive health and mood. This study examines these associations in Polish nursing homes residents.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed 93 people aged 60-100 years living in nursing homes. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) test was used to assess physical fitness. The Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS) was used to assess cognitive functions. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to assess depression.

RESULTS: In the SPPB test, the mean score was 4.85 points, indicating moderate limitations. On the AMTS, 55% of subjects had cognitive impairment. On the GDS scale, 44% of respondents had depressive symptoms. Seniors without mood disorders were characterized by faster gait compared to those with suspected depressive disorders (P=0.036). Men performed significantly better in the whole SPPB test (P=0.024) and in the standing up from a chair and gait speed tests (P=0.046, P<0.001) compared to women. We found a negative correlation between the AMTS test scores and the SPPB gait test scores and age (P<0.05) and a positive correlation between the SPPB gait test scores and the GDS scores (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Older nursing homes’ residents in better emotional and cognitive state tended to have faster gait. Men tended to have a higher level of physical fitness compared to women. Older age was associated with worse cognitive state of the examined seniors.

Keywords: Aging, Depression, Mental Status and Dementia Tests, Nursing Homes, Physical Fitness

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911

0:00

In Press

28 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Assessment of Colorectal Cancer Patients after Laparoscopic Surgery: A Comprehensive Evaluation ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942658  

0:00

05 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Glutamine Oral Care in Reducing Oral Mucositis and Improving Oral Health After Neurosurger...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942585  

02 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Urinary Concentration of Renal Biomarkers in Healthy Term Neonates: Gender Differences in GST-pi Excretion

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942819  

29 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Performance of Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (S-ICD) in Chinese Population with Prima...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942747  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750