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14 December 2021: Retraction Note  

Retracted: Insulin Growth Factor 1 Protects Neural Stem Cells Against Apoptosis Induced by Hypoxia Through Akt/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (Akt/MAPK/ERK) Pathway in Hypoxia-Ishchemic Encephalopathy

Bing Zhao1, Zebao Zheng1*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935766

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935766

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: This publication has been retracted by the Editor due to the identification of non-original figure images and manuscript content that raise concerns regarding the credibility and originality of the study and the manuscript. Reference: Bing Zhao, Zebao Zheng. Insulin Growth Factor 1 Protects Neural Stem Cells Against Apoptosis Induced by Hypoxia Through Akt/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (Akt/MAPK/ERK) Pathway in Hypoxia-Ishchemic Encephalopathy. Med Sci Monit, 2017; 23: 1872-1879. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.901055

Retraction Notice

This publication has been retracted by the Editor due to the identification of non-original figure images and manuscript content that raise concerns regarding the credibility and originality of the study and the manuscript.

Reference

. Zhao Bing, Zheng Zebao, Insulin Growth Factor 1 Protects Neural Stem Cells Against Apoptosis Induced by Hypoxia Through Akt/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (Akt/MAPK/ERK) Pathway in Hypoxia-Ishchemic Encephalopathy: Med Sci Monit, 2017; 23; 1872-1879, doi: 10.12659/MSM.901055

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750