Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

28 July 2003

The effect of nitric oxide on the permeability of nasal epithelial cells from healthy and asthmatic donors

Graham Baker, Karen Chetwin, Kathryn Hayward, Kyriaki Bakirtzi, Melissa Willman

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(7): BR276-282 :: ID: 12942


Background:To see if the higher levels of nitric oxide expired by asthmatics compared to healthy subjects might be of significance to airway function, the effect of nitric oxide and its second messenger, guanosine 3’, 5’– cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), on the permeability of human nasal epithelial cells was studied.Material/Methods:Cells from healthy and asthmatic donors, collected by swab biopsy, were plated on agar gel before being impaled with a microelectrode to measure their intracellular potential and membrane resistance.Results:Exposure of cells to 300 mM sodium nitroprusside, a nitric oxide donor, caused a profound fall in both parameters in cells from non-asthmatics but no change in cells from asthmatic subjects. A similar response was seen when cells were exposed to 0.9 mM of the permeable form of cGMP, 8-Br-cGMP. Selective inhibition of ion transport pathways in healthy cells indicated that nitric oxide produced changes in permeability consistent with secretion of anions by the cells.Conclusions:Since anion secretion is associated with fluid secretion in the intact epithelium, we suggest that nitric oxide mediates a protective mechanism to remove foreign material from the airway surface. The defective response to nitric oxide seen in asthmatic cells may contribute to the disease by compromising the removal of allergens from the airway.

Keywords: Amiloride - metabolism, Anthranilic Acids - metabolism, Asthma - metabolism, Barium Compounds - metabolism, Calcium Channel Blockers - metabolism, Chlorides - metabolism, Diuretics - metabolism, Electrophysiology, Enzyme Inhibitors - metabolism, Epithelial Cells - cytology, Epithelial Cells - metabolism, Membrane Potentials, Nasal Mucosa - cytology, Nitric Oxide - metabolism, Nitric Oxide Donors - metabolism, Nitroprusside - metabolism, Permeability

Add Comment 0 Comments

610 1


01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209


In Press

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Root Canal Numbers and Configurations in 1080 Permanent Canine Teeth in 270 Saudi Subjects Using Cone-Beam ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940472  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Internal Orifice Alloy Closure: A New Procedure for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940873  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Needle Aspiration versus Surgical Excision for Symptomatic Synovial Cysts of the Hip: A Si...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940187  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Influence of Insulin Resistance on Diabetes Nephropathy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939482  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750