Left ventricular papillary muscle morphology and function in left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular dysfunctionErnest C. C. Madu, Dainia S. Baugh, Ivan A. D’Cruz, Cameila Johns
Med Sci Monit 2001; 7(6): CR1212-1218 :: ID: 508067
Background: This study was prospectively performed to evaluate the anatomy and contractile performance of LV papillary muscles (PM) in humans using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and to determine the relationship between PM anatomy and contractile function in normal left ventricle (LV), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and systolic dysfunction.
Material and methods: TEE examinations were prospectively performed in 153 patients. End-diastolic (ED) and end-systolic (ES) cross sectional areas of both PMs were obtained at the transgastric mid papillary short axis views. ED and ES lengths of PMs were obtained from the transgastric long axis views, and fractional systolic shortening (FS) was calculated. PM shape description was derived from the formula Area/L2. LV EF, wall thickness and mass were determined from transthoracic echocardiographic measurements.
Results: The % FS in patients with normal EF (>55%) was 21.1±9.1% for anterior PM (APM) and 17.1±6.2% for posterior PM (PPM). The values for hypertrophic LV were as follows; 25.2±8.1 (APM) and 15.8±5.6 (PPM), for dilated cardiomyopathy, 15.0±6.8 (APM) and 13.4±4.2 while values for non-dilated cardiomyopathy were 15.6±8.0 and 11.3±6.0 respectively. In dilated cardiomyopathy patients, both PM lengths were significantly longer (p
Keywords: papillary muscle, left ventricular, Hypertrophy, function, mitral regurgitation
01 June 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209
01 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchRoot Canal Numbers and Configurations in 1080 Permanent Canine Teeth in 270 Saudi Subjects Using Cone-Beam ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940472
01 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchInternal Orifice Alloy Closure: A New Procedure for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940873
01 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchEffectiveness of Needle Aspiration versus Surgical Excision for Symptomatic Synovial Cysts of the Hip: A Si...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940187
01 Jun 2023 : Clinical ResearchInfluence of Insulin Resistance on Diabetes Nephropathy
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939482
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952