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14 January 2014 : Original article  

Multivitamin mineral supplementation in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Daniela MaricABCDEF, Snezana BrkicACDG, Slavica TomicABD, Aleksandra Novakov MikicACDG, Tatjana CebovicACDF, Vesna TurkulovADEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.889333

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:47-53

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by medically unexplained persistent or reoccurring fatigue lasting at least 6 months. CFS has a multifactorial pathogenesis in which oxidative stress (OS) plays a prominent role. Treatment is with a vitamin and mineral supplement, but this therapeutic option so far has not been properly researched.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 38 women of reproductive age consecutively diagnosed by CDC definition of CFS and treated with a multivitamin mineral supplement. Before and after the 2-month supplementation, SOD activity was determined and patients self-assessed their improvement in 2 questionnaires: the Fibro Fatigue Scale (FFS) and the Quality of Life Scale (SF36).

RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in SOD activity levels; and significant decreases in fatigue (p=0.0009), sleep disorders (p=0.008), autonomic nervous system symptoms (p=0.018), frequency and intensity of headaches (p=0.0001), and subjective feeling of infection (p=0.0002). No positive effect on quality of life was found.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with a vitamin and mineral supplement could be a safe and easy way to improve symptoms and quality of life in patients with CFS.

Keywords: Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic - drug therapy, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Oxidative Stress - drug effects, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Serbia, Superoxide Dismutase - metabolism, Trace Elements - therapeutic use, Vitamins - therapeutic use

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750