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29 January 2016 : Clinical Research  

Roles of CYP2C19 Gene Polymorphisms in Susceptibility to POAG and Individual Differences in Drug Treatment Response

Xiang-Long LiuE, Qiu-Ju JiaE, Li-Na WangB, Zong-Ming LiuB, Hai LiuAE, Xuan-Chu DuanEF, Xue-Man LyuE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894868

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:310-315

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphisms in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) susceptibility and individual responses to drug treatment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of 93 cases with POAG and 125 controls. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to analyze CYP2C19 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). After timolol treatment, patients were classified into side effect (SE) group and non-side effect (NSE) group. According to drug treatment responses, patients were divided into 3 groups: excellent group (Ex) (IOP ≥8 mm Hg); utility group (Ut) (5

RESULTS: We found no statistical differences in the alleles and genotypes frequencies of CYP2C19 between the case group and the control group (both P>0.05). Frequencies of extensive metabolizer phenotype and poor metabolizer phenotype or poor metabolizer phenotype and intermediate metabolizer phenotype were significantly different between the SE group and NSE group (both P<0.05). The distribution of intermediate metabolizer phenotype and extensive metabolizer phenotype were significantly different among Ex group, Ut group, and In group (all P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that CYP2C19 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to POAG. However, different CYP2C19 metabolizer phenotypes were identified and observed to have important effects on the individual differences in drug treatment response.

Keywords: Case-Control Studies, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 - genetics, Gene Frequency - genetics, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Glaucoma, Open-Angle - genetics, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics, Timolol - therapeutic use, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750