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22 July 2016 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test on Bone Turnover Markers in Adults with Normal Glucose Tolerance

Shou-Kui XiangACDEF, Jing-Bo WanAB, Xiao-Hong JiangDF, Yong-Hua ZhuBC, Jin-Hong MaBD, Fei HuaAEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896469

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2602-2607

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is well known that enteral nutrients result in acute suppression of bone turnover markers (BTMs), and incretin hormones are believed to play a significant role in this physiological skeletal response. However, there is limited research exploring the impact of parenteral nutrients on BTMs. Our aim was to assess the influence of intravenous glucose on BTMs in adults with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted 1-h intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) in 24 subjects with NGT. Blood samples were collected before and 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60 min after administration of glucose, then serum levels of bone formation marker procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) and resorption marker C-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of collagen type I (CTX) were measured.

RESULTS: During IVGTT, the fasting CTX level fell gradually and reached a nadir of 80.4% of the basal value at 60 min. Conversely, the fasting P1NP level decreased mildly and reached a nadir of 90.6% of the basal value at 15 min, then gradually increased and reached 96.6% at 60 min. The CTX-to-P1NP ratio increased slightly and reached a peak of 104.3% of the basal value at 10 min, then fell gradually and reached a nadir of 83% at 60 min.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that intravenous glucose results in an acute suppression of BTMs in the absence of incretin hormones. The mechanism responsible for this needs further investigation.

Keywords: Biomarkers - blood, Blood Glucose - metabolism, Bone Remodeling - physiology, Collagen Type I - blood, Glucose - metabolism, Glucose Tolerance Test - methods, healthy volunteers, Incretins - metabolism, Osteocalcin - blood, Peptide Fragments - blood, Procollagen - blood

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750