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21 March 2016 : Laboratory Research  

Silencing of Transient Receptor Potential Channel 4 Alleviates oxLDL-induced Angiogenesis in Human Coronary Artery Endothelial Cells by Inhibition of VEGF and NF-κB

Wen QinBCDE, Wei XieBCDE, Ning XiaAEG, Qinglin HeBCF, Tianwei SunBDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897634

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:930-936

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential channel 4 (TRPC4) plays central roles in endothelial cell function. The aim of this study was to investigate the silencing effects of TRPC4 on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced angiogenesis in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs), as well as the underlying molecular mechanism involved in this process.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCAECs were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TRPC4 (TRPC4-siRNA) or with a negative control (NC)-siRNA. The expression of TRPC4 was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting. After the siRNA transfection, oxLDL was added to the medium. Cell proliferation, migration, and in vitro angiogenesis were determined by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Transwell assay and scratch-wound assay, respectively, and tube formation on Matrigel. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 were assessed by Western blotting.

RESULTS: Both the mRNA and protein levels of TRPC4 were significantly reduced by transfection with TRPC4-siRNA compared to the control group or NC-siRNA group (P<0.05). Silencing of TRPC4 significantly decreased the cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression levels of VEGF and NF-κB p65 were markedly lowered by silencing of TRPC4 in HCAECs.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that silencing of TRPC4 alleviates angiogenesis induced by oxLDL in HCAECs through inactivation of VEGF and NF-κB. Suppression of TRPC4 might be an alternative therapeutic strategy for atherosclerotic neovascularization.

Keywords: Coronary Vessels - cytology, Cell Proliferation - drug effects, Cell Movement - drug effects, Endothelial Cells - metabolism, Gene Silencing - drug effects, Lipoproteins, LDL - pharmacology, Neovascularization, Physiologic - drug effects, TRPC Cation Channels - metabolism, Transcription Factor RelA - metabolism, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - metabolism

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750