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28 November 2016 : Animal Research  

Upregulation of (C-X-C motif) Ligand 13 (CXCL13) Attenuates Morphine Analgesia in Rats with Cancer-Induced Bone Pain

Shi-Feng Wang1ABCDEF, Cheng-Gong Dong2ABCDEF, Xue Yang3EF, Jian-Jun Yin4DE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897702

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4612-4622


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 13 (CXCL13) in morphine tolerance in rats with cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We established a rat CIBP model and a rat CIBP-morphine tolerance (BM) model. BM rats were intrathecally administered rmCXCL13, neutralizing anti-CXCL13, and normal saline, while the control group rats underwent a sham operation and were injected with normal saline. The morphine analgesia was assessed by measuring mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and mechanical withdrawal duration (MWD) at various time points. The co-expressions of CXCL13 and NeuN were measured by immunofluorescence double-staining. CXCL13 protein and mRNA expressions were detected by Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), respectively.

RESULTS: Compared to the sham-operation (S) group, the BM group showed obviously decreased MWT and increased MWD on Day 9 after CIBP, but obviously increased MWT and decreased MWD on Day 3 after morphine administration; subsequently, the MWT was decreased and MWD was increased (all P<0.05). In comparison with the S+saline group, increased MWT and decreased MWD were observed in BM rats on Day 3 after anti-CXCL13 administration, and obviously decreased MWT and increased MWD were found in BM rats on Day 3 after rmCXCL13 administration (all P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Up-regulated CXCL13 has a negative role in morphine analgesia in relief of CIBP, which may provide a new target for the management of CIBP.

Keywords: Analgesia - methods, Antibodies, Neutralizing - pharmacology, Bone Neoplasms - physiopathology, Cancer Pain - physiopathology, Chemokine CXCL13 - immunology, Drug Tolerance, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental - physiopathology, Morphine - pharmacology, Pain Management - methods, RNA, Messenger - genetics, Random Allocation, Spinal Cord - metabolism, Up-Regulation - drug effects

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01 November 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Factors Driving New Variants of SARS-CoV-2, Immune Escape, and Resistance to Antiviral Treatments as the End of the COVID-19 Pandemic is Declared

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville,

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942960

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e942960


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750