Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 May 2016 : Laboratory Research  

Triptolide Inhibits Invasion and Tumorigenesis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma MHCC-97H Cells Through NF-κB Signaling

Haiji WangAEF, Duanye MaDE, Chenghong WangACE, Shanna ZhaoBF, Chengbiao LiuAEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898801

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1827-1836

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the plant-derived agent triptolide (TPL) could effectively inhibit the growth and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MHCC-97H cells were treated with various concentration of TPL for various times. To detect the effect of NF-κB on TPL-induced signal pathways, MHCC-97H cells were transfected with p65 siRNA or p65 cDNA, then treated with TPL. We detected cell survival and apoptosis by MTT, soft-agar colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and TUNEL assay. Cell migration and invasion was determined by Matrigel invasion and a wound-healing assay. NF-κB activity was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA); MMP-9 activity was detected by ELISA. Western blot and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assays were used to detect p65 and MMP-9 protein and mRNA expression. A subcutaneously implanted tumor model of MHCC-97H cells in nude mice was used to assess the effects of TPL on tumorigenesis in vivo.

RESULTS: We showed that TPL treatment significantly suppressed growth and induced apoptosis of MHCC-97H cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner in vitro. Furthermore, TPL treatment inhibited invasion in vitro and inhibited the growth and lung metastasis of MHCC-97H cells in vivo. NF-κB and MMP-9 were inactivated with TPL treatment. Overexpression of p65 restored MMP-9 activity and inhibited the TPL anti-tumor effect on MHCC-97H cells. Knockdown of p65 blocked MMP-9 activation and enhanced TPL-induced cell apoptosis and survival inhibition, and TPL inhibition of migration and invasion in vitro.

CONCLUSIONS: TPL treatment inhibited MHCC-97H cell growth, invasion, and metastasis in vitro and vivo, suggesting that TPL could be developed as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of HCC.

Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating - pharmacology, Carcinogenesis - drug effects, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - metabolism, Cell Movement - drug effects, Cell Proliferation - drug effects, Diterpenes - pharmacology, Epoxy Compounds - pharmacology, Liver Neoplasms - metabolism, Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 - metabolism, Phenanthrenes - pharmacology, Random Allocation, Signal Transduction - drug effects

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Chinese Patients: A Retrospective Stu...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943681  

Clinical Research  

Effects of the Cold Pressor Test on Popliteal Vein Diameter, Flow Velocity, and Blood Flow in the Lower Lim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944560  

Clinical Research  

Outcomes of Anterior Lateral Approach and Gerdy's Tubercle Osteotomy for Tibial Plateau Fractures Involving...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943946  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,477,232

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,433,627

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,157

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,150

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750