19 June 2017 : Clinical Research
The Efficacy of Imrecoxib and Celecoxib in Axial Spondyloarthritis and Their Influence on Serum Dickopff-Related Protein 1 (DKK-1) LevelsGuan-Min Gao1ABCDEFG*, Yan-Min Li1ABCDEF, Xiao-Long Zheng1ABCDEF, Dong-Bin Jiang1ABC, Lei-Lei Zhang1ABCDE, Peng-Hui Xu2ABCDE, Sheng-Yun Liu3ABCDEF, Zhao-Hui Zheng1ABCFG, Quan-Cheng Kan4ABCDE
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2985-2992
BACKGROUND: To observe and demonstrate therapeutic effects and side effects of two selective COX-2 inhibitors, imrecoxib and celecoxib, on patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and observe the correlation between imaging scores and serum DKK-1 levels.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with axSpA were randomly assigned to receive 200 mg imrecoxib or 200 mg celecoxib twice daily. Fifty-one patients who completed follow-up were included in the study. At baseline, week 4, and week 12, the clinical parameters, inflammatory markers (ESR, CRP), and adverse reactions were recorded. Serum DKK-1 levels were investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Radiographic scores were calculated by sacroiliac joint SPARCC (Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada) score method at baseline serum DKK-1 levels and week 12.
RESULTS: Patients in the imrecoxib group (n=25) and patients in the celecoxib group (n=26) were improved at week 4. At week 12, all clinical parameters and inflammatory markers were improved in the two groups and the differences was not statistically significant. Serum DKK-1 levels were decreased and the differences were not statistically significant. Serum DKK-1 levels in patients in the imrecoxib group at baseline were negatively correlated with all study parameters, while those in the celecoxib group had correlations with BASFI (r=–0.048, p=0.027) and Schober test (r=0.437, p=0.048), without any correlation with other clinical parameters or inflammatory markers.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients experienced significant improvement in disease activity, functional parameters, and inflammatory markers when treated with selective COX-2 inhibitors for 12 weeks, and the efficacy of imrecoxib was not inferior to celecoxib. Selective COX-2 inhibitors imrecoxib and celecoxib had no obvious effects on serum DKK-1 levels.
Keywords: Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors, Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action, Spondylitis, Ankylosing
12 September 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365
16 September 2022 : Review articleEffects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141
12 September 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741
29 August 2022 : Database AnalysisTranscriptome Analysis of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Response in Patients with Severe COVID-19 Reve...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937532
26 Sep 2022 : Clinical ResearchDistribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987
26 Sep 2022 : Clinical ResearchLatency and Interpeak Interval Values of Auditory Brainstem Response in 73 Individuals with Normal Hearing
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937847
23 Sep 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Role of Ultrasound Radiomics and Its Application and Limitations in the Investigation of Th...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937738
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292