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19 June 2017 : Clinical Research  

Semivertical Incision: An Aesthetically and Electrophysiologically Effective Mini-Incision Technique for Carpal Tunnel Decompression

Nese Keser1ABCDEF*, Nimet Dortcan2BCD, Ulas Cikla3CDE, Kutluay Uluc3EF, Erhan Celikoglu1CE, Merih Is1BC, Bora Gurer1ABD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902343

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2993-3000

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present the clinical results of our retrospective series of carpal tunnel release (CTR) operations. For these operations we used a unique type of incision, for the first time, for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) consisting of a 1-cm semi-vertical (SV) incision made into the wrist crease for macroscopic open CTR.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 114 patients (101 females and 13 males) with CTR who were operated upon in our neurosurgery clinic between December 2010 and June 2015. Patient ages ranged from 35 to 83 years (mean 55.05±12.04 years). In total, 127 hands (73 right and 54 left) were operated upon using the SV skin incision technique. After an average follow-up of 18 months (ranging from 6 to 30 months), clinical and electrophysiological (EP) evaluations were performed.

RESULTS: A review of the English language literature published since 1957, when Phalen first popularised the diagnosis and treatment of this disease, determined that no previous reports of the mini-open incision technique as described in our study have been published. In our retrospective patient case review, we found that after operations using the SV incision technique, statistically significant differences were detected in electromyography (EMG) improvements (p<0.01). In addition, patients who showed improvement in EMG studies (n=90) were satisfied with the result of their surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that 1-cm skin SV incision was a cosmetically satisfying, fast, and safe approach to CTR that was not only clinically effective but also electrophysiologically effective.

Keywords: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Decompression, Surgical, Electromyography, Patient Satisfaction

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750