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22 August 2017 : Laboratory Research  

MicroRNA Expression Analysis in Serum of Patients with Congenital Hemochromatosis and Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Maciej Szemraj1ABCDEF, Katarzyna Oszajca2CD, Janusz Szemraj2ACDG*, Piotr Jurowski1EFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902366

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4050-4060

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Congenital hemochromatosis is a disorder caused by mutations of genes involved in iron metabolism, leading to increased levels of iron concentration in tissues and serum. High concentrations of iron can lead to the development of AMD. The aim of this study was to analyze circulating miRNAs in the serum of congenital hemochromatosis patients with AMD and their correlation with the expression of genes involved in iron metabolism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Peripheral blood monolayer cells and serum were obtained from patients with congenital hemochromatosis, congenital hemochromatosis and AMD, AMD patients without congenital hemochromatosis, and healthy controls. Serum miRNAs expressions were analyzed by RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) using TaqMan MicroRNA probes, and proteins levels were measured by ELSA kits. Gene polymorphisms in TF and TFRC genes were determined using the TaqMan discrimination assay.

RESULTS: Statistical analysis of the miRNAs expressions selected for further study the miR-31, miR-133a, miR-141, miR-145, miR-149, and miR-182, which are involved in the posttranscriptional expression of iron-related genes: TF, TFRI, DMT1, FTL, and FPN1. It was discovered that the observed changes in the expressions of the miRNAs was correlated with the level of protein in the serum of the analyzed genes. There were no statistically significant differences in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies in TF and TFRC genes between analyzed groups of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The differences studied in the miRNA serum profile, in conjunction with the changes in the analyzed protein levels, may be useful in the early detection of congenital hemochromatosis in patients who may develop AMD disease.

Keywords: Iron Metabolism Disorders, Macular Degeneration

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750