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06 July 2017 : Clinical Research  

Assessing the Safety of Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Synthetic Grafts in Living Donor Liver Transplantation: Graft Migration Into Hollow Viscous Organs – Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Shih-Chao Hsu12ABCDEF, Ashok Thorat2ABCDEF, Horng-Ren Yang12BCD, Kin-Shing Poon3BCD, Ping-Chun Li4EF, Chun-Chieh Yeh12BE, Te-Hung Chen12BF, Long-Bin Jeng12ACDE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902636

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3284-3292

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our recent studies have highlighted the importance and safety of backtable venoplasty for middle hepatic vein (MHV) and inferior right hepatic veins (IRHV) reconstruction using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts. In this study, we aim to analyze the complications associated with ePTFE graft use and discuss the management of the rare, but, potentially life threatening complications directly related to ePTFE conduits.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2012 to October 2015 a total of 397 patients underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The ePTFE vascular grafts were used during the backtable venoplasty for outflow reconstruction in 262 of the liver allografts. Recipients who developed ePTFE-related complications were analyzed.

RESULTS: ePTFE-related complications developed in 1.52% (4/262) of the patients. One patient (0.38%) developed complete thrombosis with sepsis at 24 months post-transplantation and died due to multiorgan failure. Three patients (1.1%) developed graft migration into the second portion of the duodenum, without overt peritonitis. Surgical exploration and ePTFE graft removal was done in all the patients. One patient died due to overwhelming sepsis.

CONCLUSIONS: ePTFE graft migration into the duodenum causing perforation is a new set of complications that has been recently described in LDLT and can be treated effectively by surgical removal of the infected vascular graft and duodenal perforation closure. Despite of such complications, in our experience, ePTFE use in LDLT continues to have wide safety margin, with a complication rate of only 1.52%.

Keywords: Living Donors, Liver Transplantation, Polytetrafluoroethylene

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750