Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 April 2017 : Clinical Research  

Preoperative Assessment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Split-Bolus Combined Phase Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography

Jian Jiang1BCDE, Ke Wang1ABCDEF, Yufeng Xu1BCD, Jianxin Liu1BCDEF, Jingjing Luo1BD, Xin Tao1BCD, Xiaoying Wang1ABCEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904129

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1834-1841

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a split-bolus combined phase contrast-enhanced computed tomography protocol in evaluation of liver vasculature in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients for the purpose of surgery guidance.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups of patients were recruited for the study: 24 consecutive cases of HCC who underwent multiphasic CT examination, and 22 consecutive cases who afterwards underwent split-bolus combined phase CT examination. The multiphasic protocol included an unenhanced scan and 3 image acquisitions after contrast injection. The injection of contrast medium was 440 mgI/kg in a single bolus. The split-bolus combined phase protocol included unenhanced scan and combined phase. The injection of contrast medium was 440 mgI/kg for the first bolus and 220 mgI/kg for the second bolus. The vascular delineation was evaluated with Likert scales. The CT values were measured, and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. We also compared the effective radiation dose (ED) of the 2 protocols.

RESULTS: All mean CT values were significantly higher in the split-bolus protocol than in the multiphasic protocol (all P<.05), except for the hepatic vein (P>.05). The ED was significantly lower in the split-bolus protocol, corresponding to a dose reduction of 66% compared to the multiphasic protocol (P<.05). The scores of the branches of the hepatic vein in the split-bolus protocol were not lower than those in the multiphasic protocol.

CONCLUSIONS: For the preoperative HCC patients, the split-bolus combined phase CT examination meets the diagnostic requirement of surgical planning, with approximately 60% reduction in the radiation dose.

Keywords: Radiation Dosage

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  

Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750