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11 June 2017 : Clinical Research  

Risk Score for Detecting Dysglycemia: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Working-Age Population in an Oil Field in China

Xiubiao Tian1ABE, Yan Liu2ACD, Ying Han3BCD, Jieli Shi3CDF, Tiehong Zhu1AFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904449

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2833-2841

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dysglycemia (pre-diabetes or diabetes) in young adults has increased rapidly. However, the risk scores for detecting dysglycemia in oil field staff and workers in China are limited. This study developed a risk score for the early identification of dysglycemia based on epidemiological and health examination data in an oil field working-age population with increased risk of diabetes.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multivariable logistic regression was used to develop the risk score model in a population-based, cross-sectional study. All subjects completed the questionnaires and underwent physical examination and oral glucose tolerance tests. The performance of the risk score models was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).

RESULTS: The study population consisted of 1995 participants, 20–64 years old (49.4% males), with undiagnosed diabetes or pre-diabetes who underwent periodic health examinations from March 2014 to June 2015 in Dagang oil field, Tianjin, China. Age, sex, body mass index, history of high blood glucose, smoking, triglyceride, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) constituted the Dagang dysglycemia risk score (Dagang DRS) model. The performance of Dagang DRS was superior to m-FINDRISC (AUC: 0.791; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.773–0.809 vs. 0.633; 95% CI, 0.611–0.654). At the cut-off value of 5.6 mmol/L, the Dagang DRS (AUC: 0.616; 95% CI, 0.592–0.641) was better than the FPG value alone (AUC: 0.571; 95% CI, 0.546–0.596) in participants with FPG <6.1 mmol/L (n=1545, P=0.028).

CONCLUSIONS: Dagang DRS is a valuable tool for detecting dysglycemia, especially when FPG <6.1 mmol/L, in oil field workers in China.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Oil and Gas Fields, Physical Examination, Primary Prevention

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750