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22 May 2017 : Clinical Research  

Expression of Liver Receptor Homolog-1 (LRH-1) in Villi and Decidua of Patients with Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion

Zhiyan Xu1AB, Xiangqing Hou2BC, Hongtao Lv3CD, Binghui Sun3EF, Yingying Cui3F, Ling Liu4G, Fengnian Rong3AC*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904645

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2445-2452

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In view of the important function of nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH 1) in various biological processes and the physiological changes accompanying unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (USRA), our study was carried out to investigate the potential roles of LRH-1 in USRA.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients with URSA at early the early state of pregnancy were selected, and 30 patients with normal early pregnancy were also selected from Aug 2015 to Sep 2016 as a control group. The expression of LRH-1 protein in decidua and villi were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis, and the expression of LRH-1 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. The expression levels of CYP19 and P450scc were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis at mRNA and protein levels, respectively.

RESULTS: The levels of LRH-1, CYP19, and P450scc mRNA and protein in villi of the patients in the URSA group were significantly lower than in the control group. There were no significant differences between the URSA group and control group in the levels of LRH-1, CYP19, and P450scc mRNA and protein in villi in decidua.

CONCLUSIONS: URSA was related to the reduced expression level of LRH-1 in villous tissues but not in decidua, and expression of LRH-1 may be related to the expression of CYP19 and P450scc. We believe that the expression level of LRH-1 can be used as a marker in the early diagnosis of URSA, and the regulation of LRH-1 expression many lead to new URSA treatments.

Keywords: Abortion, Induced, Chorionic Villi, Decidua

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750