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13 August 2017 : Clinical Research  

Assessing Serum Levels of ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 as New Biomarkers for Patients with Type A Acute Aortic Dissection

Kui Li1ABCDE, Zhi-Wei Wang1ADFG*, Zhipeng Hu1BCDE, Zongli Ren1BCDE, Xiaoping Hu1BCDE, Luocheng Li1BCDE, Zhiyong Wu1BCDE, Hongbing Wu1BCDE, Bowen Li1BCDE, Jizhen Huang1BCDE, Wei Ren1BCDE, Jun Xia1BCDE, Yongle Ruan1BCDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905092

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3913-3922

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Type A AAD, a serious cardiovascular emergency requiring urgent surgery, is the most common and serious AAD. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 in patients with type A acute aortic dissection (AAD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were used to evaluate the protein and mRNA expression levels of ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 in 14 type A acute aortic dissection (AAD) tissues and 10 control aortic tissues. Serum ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 expression levels in 74 patients with type A AAD, 36 patients with hypertension (HPT), and 34 healthy donors were examined by ELISA. The diagnostic value of serum ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 were determined by receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC). Furthermore, the dynamic change of serum ADAMTS1, ADAMTS4, D-dimer, and CRP were detected before and after surgery at different time-points in 14 patients with type A AAD.

RESULTS: ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 protein and mRNA expression levels were found to be significantly higher in 14 type A AAD tissues (p<0.0001) compared with 10 control tissues. Serum ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 levels were significant higher in patients with type A AAD than those in the HPT and HD group (p<0.0001 for both). The AUC value, sensitivity, and specificity of ADAMTS1 were 0.9710 (95% CI: 0.9429 to 0.9991), 87.84%, and 97.06%, respectively, and those of ADAMTS4 were 0.9893 (95% CI: 0.9765 to 1.002), 94.59%, and 97.06%, respectively. In addition, serum ADAMTS4 level was gradually decreased with the time extension after surgery, similar to D-dimer change.

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that measurement of serum ADAMTS1 and ADAMTS4 levels could be potential diagnostic biomarkers for type A AAD, and ADAMTS4 might be a risk factor associated with type A AAD.

Keywords: ADAM Proteins, Biological Markers, Vertebral Artery Dissection

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750