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03 December 2017 : Laboratory Research  

miRNA-1273g-3p Involvement in Development of Diabetic Retinopathy by Modulating the Autophagy-Lysosome Pathway

Zi Ye1E, Zhao-Hui Li1A*, Shou-Zhi He1C

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905336

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5744-5751

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common and serious complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). The autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) is one of the main intracellular self-digestive degradation systems. Lysosomal impairment and autophagic dysfunction are early events in the pathogenesis of DR, suggesting autophagy might be a novel therapeutic strategy for DR treatment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, we screened a differentially expressed miRNA, miR-1273g-3p, in streptozotocin (STZ)-injected DR rat retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. miR-1273g-3p inhibitor and mimic were employed to treat RPE cells to assess the role of miR-1273g-3p. QRT-PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to examine the function of miR-1273g-3p on ALP-related and DR-related proteins.

RESULTS: miR-1273g-3p was highly expressed in STZ-induced DM RPE cells. miR-1273g-3p mimic promoted the expression of DR-related MMP-2, MMP-9, and TNF-α proteins, and ALP-related LC3, cathepsin B, and cathepsin L factors, but miR-1273g-3p inhibitor suppressed the levels of these factors.

CONCLUSIONS: miR-1273g-3p is involved in the progression of DR by modulating the autophagy-lysosome pathway. These findings provided new evidence of the close relationship between DR and ALP, and reveal a new target for DR therapy.

Keywords: Diabetic Retinopathy, retinal pigment epithelium

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750